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    Foreign trade is "opening the door", high-quality development needs to continue to work harder
    2019-02-15          33          互聯網     

    Foreign trade is "opening the door", high-quality development needs to continue to work harder
    Xinhua News Agency reporter Liu HongxiaAccording to data released by the General Administration of Customs on the 14th, the total value of China's import and export of goods in January was 2.73 trillion yuan, an increase of 8.7%.
    Experts believe that foreign trade is not an accident when it comes to "opening the door". It should pay more attention to the medium and long-term trend, focus on promoting high-quality development of foreign trade, and building a new high-level opening up pattern.Data show that in January, China's exports were 1.5 trillion yuan, up 13.9%; imports were 1.23 trillion yuan, up 2.9%; trade surplus was 271.16 billion yuan, an increase of 1.2 times. In dollar terms, during the same period, China’s total import and export value was 395.98 billion US dollars, an increase of 4%. Among them, exports were 217.57 billion US dollars, up 9.1%; imports were 178.41 billion US dollars, down 1.5%; trade surplus was 39.16 billion US dollars, an increase of 1.1 times.
    “January data can be said to be 'opening the door'.” Zhuang Wei, deputy dean of the Institute of International Economics of the University of International Business and Economics, told Xinhua News Agency, “This result is in line with the reality of China’s foreign trade development and is also in line with the logic of global trade development. accident."In terms of trade types, in January, China's general trade import and export was 1.66 trillion yuan, an increase of 13%, accounting for 60.9% of China's total foreign trade, an increase of 2.3 percentage points over the same period of last year, showing rapid growth and increasing proportion. Import and export of processing trade was 680.7 billion yuan, down 0.9%, accounting for 24.9%, down 2.4 percentage points. In addition, China's import and export of bonded logistics has reached 279.73 billion yuan, an increase of 9.3%, accounting for 10.2% of China's total foreign trade.From the perspective of major trading partners, China's imports and exports to the EU, ASEAN, Japan and other major markets have achieved growth, and the growth rate of imports and exports along the “Belt and Road” countries is higher than the overall.
    Specifically, in January, the total trade value of China and the EU was 444.84 billion yuan, an increase of 17.6%, accounting for 16.3% of China's total foreign trade value; the total trade value between China and ASEAN was 356.6 billion yuan, an increase of 7.8%, accounting for 13.1 of China's total foreign trade value. %; China's total import and export of countries along the “Belt and Road” reached 770.8 billion yuan, an increase of 11.5%, which is 2.8 percentage points higher than the national overall growth rate, accounting for 28.2% of China's total foreign trade, and the proportion increased by 0.7 percentage points.
    "Whether it is a trade type or a trading partner, if we combine the situation over a period of time, it is not difficult to see that China’s foreign trade has generally remained stable and the fundamentals of stability have not changed." Zhuang said, "that is It is said that the steady development of China's foreign trade is still emboldened."
    For the large increase in trade surplus in January, she believes that the data of a single month is greatly affected by factors such as season, holiday, base, and settlement. It presents a short-term situation and does not necessarily predict long-term trends. As China's economy moves toward a high-quality development stage, the people's need for a better life is growing, and one series will expand and open up and expand import policies. In the long run, China's goods trade will become increasingly balanced.Looking at China's foreign trade depends not only on trade in goods but also on trade in services. According to the 2018 service trade data recently released by the Ministry of Commerce, China's service exports reached 1,765.8 billion yuan, up 14.6%; imports were 374.44 billion yuan, up 10%, and the scale of service import and export is expected to remain the second in the world for five consecutive years.
    Experts said that China is now working hard to build a new pattern of opening up to the outside world, and achieving a "open door" for foreign trade is a good start. We must continue to optimize the structure of foreign trade, orderly transform the growth momentum of foreign trade, optimize the business environment, and promote the high-quality development of foreign trade.


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